Project: Afghan Legal Assistance

Priority-1 (P-1) for Refugees

Human Rights First

If you are being persecuted or are in danger of persecution because of your race, creed, or ethnic or religious group, you may be eligible for a Priority-1 (P-1) for U.S. Refugee Admissions Program (USRAP) visa.

The P-1 program is available to Afghan citizens who:

Are persecuted in ways covered by U.S. refugee law (race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion), and are unable to receive support or protection from the Afghan Government.

Are not eligible for a Special Immigrant Visa (SIV).

Reside in Afghanistan or another country, but have made the decision to depart Afghanistan

An applicant cannot directly refer themselves to the P-1 program.

Individuals who believe they are eligible should work with their contacts at the U.S. Embassy, applicable NGO, or the UN High Commissioner for Refugees to initiate the application process.

U.S. citizens who are current or former Chief of Mission (COM) or Department of Defense employees who served in Afghanistan are eligible to nominate Afghans for P-1 referrals.

The processing time for a P-1 visa is long, and can take several years. People who are referred through P-1 must complete extensive processing, including background security checks.

These resources are helpful to learn more about eligibility, the process of application, and how to prepare for the many steps of the process.

IRAP Information regarding P-1

WRAPS Information for U.S.-Affiliated Afghan Nationals